Anything which reduces demand for cigarettes will reduce wages paid and numbers hired of cigarette factory workers. Likewise anything which reduces their productivity will lead to the same result.

    For example, if these workers start smoking more, drinking more, exercising less, and eating unhealthy diets their productivity will certainly suffer. This, in turn, will lead to reduced numbers hired and lower wages as the demand curve shifts down due to the drop in marginal product at all levels of output.

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