In brief, the Sherman Act prohibits the following:
While it may seem that the basic intent of the Sherman Act is clear, it is very unclear how it should be applied in specific circumstances. For example, does a monopoly have to have 100% market share? If so, there probably never would be a true monopoly. What is an "attempt to monopolize"? Is trying to expand your market always a violation or does it depend on specific behaviors toward competitors? Is trying to secure a favorable contract from a supplier a "restraint of trade"?
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